Myofunctional therapy is a mixture of multiple therapy exercises to improve the orofacial Myofunctional disorders, which affects our tongue positioning and results in incorrect functioning of facial muscles. The combination of these procedures can help to improve speaking, swallowing, chewing, and breathing. The main purpose of training is to focus on the tongue, mouth, neck, and tissues to get the appropriate tongue position and oral rest posture. Orofacial myofunctional disorders are not limited to any age group; they can exert adverse effects on any individual.
What Are Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders?
Myofunctional disorders usually occur when the tongue or lip interferes with orofacial structures, functions, and development. A common cause of OMDs is tongue and lip ties. This generally happens when the tissue or frenum under the tongue and the upper lip is too short and limits the movement of the tongue and lips. Lip ties can be the cause of a thin and or short upper lip and can cause the lips to be parted at rest, creating an open mouth posture. This contributes to more mouth breathing.
Additionally, OMDs affect the chewing, swallowing and talking functions. If an infant is diagnosed with a tongue tie, it can create problems with breastfeeding, as the infant will have trouble with latching. Orofacial disorders can also affect the way our face looks, as well as our posture.
The most common symptom of OMDs is an obstruction in the upper airway, which disturbs nasal breathing. The body tries to correct itself by breathing through the mouth, which changes the natural growth and position of the jaw, lips, tongue, and facial structure. Upper airway obstruction can also put pressure on teeth by creating a tongue thrust from irregular swallowing and tongue position, forcing the teeth toward an improper position.